Non-Surgical Gum Treatments
Periodontal disease (or gum disease) is one of the most common dental problems in America. There are several forms of periodontal disease ranging from gum inflammation to a serious bacterial infection that severely damages the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth. If kept unchecked periodontal disease can result in the loss of teeth.
The best way to keep the bacteria away from your teeth and gums is by regular and thorough brushing and flossing. In spite of regular cleaning, it may be hard to remove all the bacteria which may cause gum disease. The treatment can be both surgical and non-surgical and may depend on how badly your gums are affected and how well you have responded to the previous procedure.
What is Non-surgical gum treatment?
One of the best ways to cure any disease is to diagnose it in its early stages and perform non-invasive treatments that are also cost-effective. At Heritage Trace Dental, our experienced dentists try to use non-surgical gum treatments to cure your gum diseases as much as possible. Non-surgical gum treatment includes a thorough cleaning of the mouth to remove the plaque from the teeth. The main aim of non-surgical treatment is to create a healthy environment inside the mouth that helps in the natural healing of the gums.
Non-surgical treatment usually takes a few sittings during which the dentist performs gum and bone care procedures. The patient’s condition during the whole procedure is closely monitored to make sure he/she is responding to the treatment. Most patients need non-surgical treatment only. But in some extreme cases, surgery is required when non-surgical treatment fails to repair the tissues around the teeth.
Different Kinds of Non-Surgical Gum Treatments:
- Professional dental cleaning: During your regular visit to the dentist, he will remove the plaque and tartar from your mouth. When you do not clean your teeth properly, plaque can form on the teeth which will harden over time and can only be removed through professional dental cleaning. If this tartar infects your gums and causes gum troubles, we recommend professional dental cleaning at least twice every year.
- Scaling: Scaling is a cleaning process that removes the build-up of tartar. At Heritage Trace Dental we use ultrasonic scaling to make the process more effective and thorough. Ultrasonic scaling uses small ultrasonic vibrations with a continuous water flow to clean out the tartar completely. Ultrasonic scaling is more advanced than hand scaling and removes tartar more efficiently and quickly. It is also a safer process as it does not cause any damage to your teeth and gum.
- Root Planing: Root planing is done with scaling and removes tartar, plaque, and bacteria from the root surfaces of the gum line. Regular cleaning may not be sufficient if you already have periodontal disease as it only removes plaque and tartar from above the gum line. You are usually given a local anesthetic to numb your gum area so that you are comfortable during the procedure. With our special instruments, the tartar and plaque are carefully removed from around and beneath your gum line. The next step is smoothing the root surfaces. The benefit of root planing is that it removes the source of infection and thus helps your gum to heal naturally. We usually schedule root planing over several appointments so that your gums heal properly.
- Drugs: With scaling and root planing, your dentist may recommend antibiotic treatments to prevent the bacterial infection. Antibiotic treatments are used with both surgical and non-surgical treatments. There are several over-the-counter antibiotics that are used to control plaque and different forms of gum disease. Your dentist may also do a full mouth disinfecting once root planing and scaling is done. This helps to control the bacterial infection if your periodontal disease is at a very early stage.
How to prevent periodontal diseases:
The best way to prevent your gums from ever getting infected is to have proper dental hygiene. They say prevention is better than a cure, especially for gum disease. Even when you are going through a root planing and scaling session, it is important that you clean your mouth properly. Ask your dentist about the correct way to clean your teeth and how to take proper care of your gums. Use a better quality toothbrush and also use inter-dental brushes if you want to clean the plaque that forms in between the teeth.